AskDefine | Define fauvism

Dictionary Definition

fauvism n : an art movement launched in 1905 whose work was characterized by bright and non-natural colors and simple forms; influenced the expressionists

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From French les fauves, 'the wild beasts'

Noun

  1. An artistic movement of the last part of the 19th century which emphasized spontaneity and the use of extremely bright colors.

Extensive Definition

Les Fauves (French for The Wild Beasts) were a short-lived and loose grouping of early 20th century Modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities and strong colour over the representational values retained by Impressionism. While Fauvism as a style began around 1900 and continued beyond 1910, the movement as such lasted only three years, 1905–1907, and had three exhibitions.The leaders of the movement were Henri Matisse and André Derain. Fauvism can be classified as an extreme development of Van Gogh's Post-Impressionism fused with the pointillism of Seurat and Paul Gauguin, who in 1888 had said to Paul Sérusier: Fauvism can also be seen as a mode of Expressionism. a controversial professor at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and a Symbolist painter, he taught Matisse, Marquet, Manguin, Roualt and Camoin during the 1890s, and was viewed by critics as the group's philosophical leader until Matisse was recognized as such in 1904. Moreau's broad-mindededness, originality and affirmation of the expressive potency of pure colour was inspirational for his students. Matisse said of him, "He did not set us on the right roads, but off the roads. He disturbed our complacency." Russell was an Impressionist painter; Matisse had never previously seen an Impressionist work directly, and was so shocked at the style that he left after ten days, saying, "I couldn't stand it any more." Henri Rousseau was not a Fauve, but his large jungle scene The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope was exhibited near Matisse's work and may have had an influence on the pejorative used. Image:The Turning Road, L´Estaque.jpg|Andre Derain, The Turning Road, L´Estaque 1906, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
fauvism in Aragonese: Faubismo
fauvism in Bosnian: Fovizam
fauvism in Catalan: Fauvisme
fauvism in Czech: Fauvismus
fauvism in German: Fauvismus
fauvism in Estonian: Fovism
fauvism in Modern Greek (1453-): Φωβισμός
fauvism in Spanish: Fauvismo
fauvism in Esperanto: Faŭvismo
fauvism in Basque: Fauvismo
fauvism in Persian: فوویسم
fauvism in French: Fauvisme
fauvism in Galician: Fauvismo
fauvism in Korean: 야수파
fauvism in Croatian: Fovizam
fauvism in Indonesian: Fauvisme
fauvism in Italian: Fauves
fauvism in Hebrew: פוביזם
fauvism in Georgian: ფოვიზმი
fauvism in Latvian: Fovisms
fauvism in Hungarian: Fauvizmus
fauvism in Dutch: Les Fauves
fauvism in Japanese: フォーヴィスム
fauvism in Norwegian: Fauvisme
fauvism in Polish: Fowizm
fauvism in Portuguese: Fovismo
fauvism in Romanian: Fauvism
fauvism in Russian: Фовизм
fauvism in Slovak: Fauvizmus
fauvism in Slovenian: Fauvizem
fauvism in Serbian: Фовизам
fauvism in Finnish: Fauvismi
fauvism in Swedish: Fauvism
fauvism in Vietnamese: Trường phái dã thú
fauvism in Turkish: Fovizm
fauvism in Ukrainian: Фовізм
fauvism in Chinese: 野兽派
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